As its coast has been quite prone to shipwrecks and maritime disasters, the maritime history of Peniche is manifestly filled with tragic episodes involving this fishing community, which reinstate the lasting and conflicting ties between humanity and the sea; the latter whilst providing food and wealth, also wrecks and destroys. This cruel contradiction has given rise to a human experience deeply touched by faith and profound religiousness, quite visible in the sea-related religious worships and feasts, which include the celebrations of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, Our Lady of Safe Journey and Our Lady of Good Remedy.
The religiousness of this fishing community is equally immortalised by the magnificence of its temples. The chapel of Nossa Senhora dos Remédios and the churches of Nossa Senhora da Ajuda, S. Pedro and Misericódia of Peniche are, for their historic importance and artistic beauty, the most meaningful monuments of the peninsula of Peniche, evoking the deep devotion of its people.
The geographical location of Peniche for many centuries justified its relevance, manifested namely in its connection with Vila de Atouguia da Baleia, the former capital city of the Municipality chartered by the first King of Portugal, and in the connection of Serra d’El-Rei to Casa Real. The Municipality’s religious heritage of great value is dispersed throughout the rural parishes, and visiting the churches of S. Leonardo, Nossa Senhora da Conceição e Misericódia (all of which in Atouguia da Baleia), Nossa Senhora da Consolação (in Consolação) and of S. Sebastião (Vila de Serra d’El-Rei), or even S. Estêvão chapel (Baleal) is mandatory under this itinerary.